A Study on Three-Dimensional Modelling of the Baitul Ilmi Mosque's Itera Using Terrestrial Laser Scanner Technology

  • Ryan Delfa Amanda
  • Irdam Adil
  • Misfallah Nurhayati Institut Teknologi Sumatera
Keywords: Three-Dimensional Modelling, Terrestrial Laser Scanner, Total Station, Global Coordinates, Local Coordinates


As advancements in three-dimensional (3D) modeling continue to progress, the demand for precise and efficient measurement techniques has led to significant innovations in the methods and tools used for creating 3D models. Among these, the utilization of Terrestrial Laser Scanners (TLS) has become increasingly popular. This study focuses on the integration of TLS and total station technologies for 3D modeling of a mosque. The total station was employed to conduct five sets of perfectly bonded closed polygon measurements, each consisting of five polygon points, from which three marker points were derived. Concurrently, the TLS was used to perform a comprehensive scan of the mosque from 17 different positions. The data obtained from the TLS scan provided a detailed 3D model, while the total station measurements served as control points to ensure the model's global coordinate accuracy. The processing of the closed polygon data was executed using the Bowditch method, and the TLS data was registered using the cloud-to-cloud method. This approach yielded an overall quality assessment, including a bundle error of 0.008 m, an overlap of 27%, a strength of 65%, and a cloud-to-cloud discrepancy of 0.008 m. The integration of point clouds with total station coordinates resulted in an error margin of 0.160 m. Geometric validation of the model was conducted by comparing its dimensions to measurements obtained using a measuring tape, which yielded a Root Mean Square Error (RMSE) of 0.045 m. 


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How to Cite
R. Delfa Amanda, I. Adil, and M. Nurhayati, “A Study on Three-Dimensional Modelling of the Baitul Ilmi Mosque’s Itera Using Terrestrial Laser Scanner Technology ”, JI, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 138-144, Apr. 2024.

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